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The timeline can be navigated with the “Scroll Left” and “Scroll Right” buttons or by dragging the pointer to a date on the timeline waveform (located at the bottom of the screen on the desktop version and on the left of the screen on mobile). To filter by a particular topic and see a smaller section of the data, make a selection on the dropdown “Filters” menu or click “Search” to do a keyword search. Hover over the abbreviated filter tags in the blue boxes to see the complete name of the filter, or click a filter to display all the data with this tag. If you want to take a deeper dive into a specific topic by viewing a narrative essay page and a curated timeline, click on “Stories.”

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Human communities exist on Turtle Island.

Date: 50,000 BCE


Contrary to many of Western anthropology's theories, evidence of human habitation on Turtle Island exists since long before the Bering land bridge migration. Traditional oral histories place communities on Turtle Island at least 50,000 years back. This timeline does not focus on the thousands of years of Indigenous history before colonial contact, but on the impact of colonization and Indigenous resistance to this impact.