Enter a keyword search and/or select up to five filters. Results can be filtered by chronology or relevance.
The timeline can be navigated with the “Scroll Left” and “Scroll Right” buttons or by dragging the pointer to a date on the timeline waveform (located at the bottom of the screen on the desktop version and on the left of the screen on mobile).
To filter by a particular topic and see a smaller section of the data, make a selection on the dropdown “Filters” menu or click “Search” to do a keyword search. Hover over the abbreviated filter tags in the blue boxes to see the complete name of the filter, or click a filter to display all the data with this tag.
If you want to take a deeper dive into a specific topic by viewing a narrative essay page and a curated timeline, click on “Stories.”
Disability criminalization, rights, and justice
Slaveholders in this era often release or abandon elderly or severely disabled enslaved people, who later become "public charges." To prevent this, many states pass strict anti-manumission laws "protecting" elderly or disabled slaves.